Electrification of buses is mostly in urban areas due to their shorter ranges and driving cycles suitable for electrification. Plug In America. Support for the auto industry can also be tied to ambitious fuel economy regulations, which in the past triggered innovation and helped jump- start key parts of today’s electric car industry. China cut electric car purchase subsidies by about half in 2019 (as part of a gradual phase out of direct incentives set out in 2016). At least 20 countries reached market shares above 1%.2. A lot of progress was made in the two years between the first report and the update published in 2017. In both scenarios, electricity demand on slow chargers represent the majority of electric vehicle electricity demand (mainly due to a continuing dominance of private charging). The Sustainable Development Scenario incorporates the targets of the EV30@30 Campaign3 to collectively reach a 30% market share for electric vehicles in all modes except two-wheelers by 2030. Electric vehicle benefits include zero tailpipe emissions, better efficiency than internal combustion engine vehicles and large potential for greenhouse gas emissions reductions when coupled with a low-carbon electricity sector. Transport modes other than cars are also electrifying. The ongoing trend of increasing battery capacity is projected to continue. Finally, there are signals that recovery measures to tackle the Covid-19 crisis will continue to focus on vehicle efficiency in general and electrification in particular. info@levassociation.com +1 … The most common cathode chemistry used in electric vehicle Li-ion batteries is NMC. At the national level, both China and the United States witnessed substantial purchase subsidies reductions or partial phase out in 2019, but there are cases where these reductions were met by increases in local government support. These actions contributed to a significant drop in electric car sales in China in the second half of 2019, and a 10% drop in the United States over the year. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; For example, Chile seeks to establish energy efficiency standards for new vehicles sold by car manufacturers or importers, including multipliers for electric and hybrid vehicles in the calculation of the sales average car efficiency. Find out about the world, a region, or a country, Find out about a fuel, a technology or a sector, Explore the full range of IEA's unique analysis, Search, download and purchase energy data and statistics, Search, filter and find energy-related policies, Shaping a secure and sustainable energy future, e-bus case study: Kolkata (Clarifications), The global electric vehicle fleet expanded significantly over the last decade, underpinned by supportive policies and technology advances, Policies continue to support electric vehicle deployment and are evolving to a more holistic policy portfolio, Prospects for electrification in transport in the coming decade, Batteries: An essential technology to electrify road transport, Integrating electric vehicles with power systems can benefit both, Clean Energy Transitions in Emerging Economies, Digital Demand-Driven Electricity Networks Initiative, Global Commission for Urgent Action on Energy Efficiency, Promoting digital demand-driven electricity networks. Trucks that operate on regional and long-haul basis show the lowest sales and stock shares among all vehicle categories in the scenarios. In this report, “electric car” or “passenger electric car” refers to either a battery electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle in the passenger light-duty vehicle segment. Become a member of the AEVA. The electric-car industry is getting a lobbying group. Opportunities for electrification can be seized over the coming decade even in modes where emissions are hard to abate such as heavy-duty trucks, aviation and shipping. Further, battery costs have decreased by more than 85% since 2010. About half a million electric buses are in circulation, most of which are in China. In 2019, there were about 7.3 million chargers worldwide, of which about 6.5 million were private, light-duty vehicle slow chargers in homes, multi-dwelling buildings and workplaces. However, some electric vehicles might not necessarily be designed for the highest possible energy density. Our Objectives: In the Sustainable Development Scenario, with demand rising nearly eleven-fold relative to 2019, to almost 1 000 TWh, the share of total demand ranges from 2% in Japan to 6% in Europe. Automakers have announced a diversified menu of electric cars, many of which are expected in 2020 or 2021. WASHINGTON: A group of major U.S. utilities, Tesla, Uber and others said on Tuesday they are launching a new group to lobby for national policies to boost electric vehicle sales. buses and trucks. The future electric two/three-wheeler fleet is concentrated in China, India and the ten countries of ASEAN. In this scenario, the global electric vehicle stock (excluding two/three-wheelers) grows by 36% annually, reaching 245 million vehicles in 2030 – more than 30 times above today’s level. Due to the characteristics of their operations, intercity buses are not projected to make significant inroads in the period to 2030, thus the overall stock shares of buses lag slightly behind those of light-duty vehicles in both scenarios. In the Sustainable Development Scenario, demand of 3TWh is projected. NACS Annual Fuels Report 2011. In 2019, electric vehicles in operation globally avoided the consumption of almost 0.6 million barrels of oil products per day. Shifts to a variety of regulatory and fiscal measures are likely to gradually become a main driver of electric vehicle deployment, setting clear goals and a long-term vision for the industry. For instance, governments will need to anticipate and adapt taxation approaches early to replace lost fuel tax revenues, such as taxation based on vehicle activity (e.g. Electric vehicles are a key technology to reduce air pollution in densely populated areas and a promising option to contribute to energy diversification and greenhouse gas emissions reduction objectives. Over the coming decade, managing electric vehicle charging patterns will be key to encourage charging at periods of low electricity demand or high renewables-based electricity generation. Other than two/three-wheelers, growth is strongest for the light-duty vehicle segment where electric powertrain technologies are most readily available. However, in dense cities of the developing and developed world alike, urban buses provide a key means of transport that is not easily substitutable by cars without exacerbating already severe congestion. In addition, even once performance is proven in the lab, deployment and scale-up of these new technologies will take time and compete with the well-established Li-ion technology, which by now benefits from considerable experience in its large-scale manufacture and solid understanding of its long-term durability characteristics, and of substantial investments already made. In the near term, a point will be reached when technology learning and economies of scale will have driven down the purchase cost of electric vehicles and mass-market adoption is triggered. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; To ensure that electric vehicles can unleash their full potential to mitigate climate change, it is crucial to reduce the CO2 intensity of power generation. With the projected size of the global electric vehicle market, expansion of battery manufacturing capacity will largely be driven by electrification in the car market. The China Association of Automobile Manufacturers sees sales of new-energy vehicles topping 1.8 million units next year, compared to an estimated 1.29 million for the whole of 2020. Global sales of electric trucks hit a record in 2019 with over 6 000 units, while the number of models continue to expand. The report includes policy recommendations that incorporate learning from frontrunner markets to inform policy makers and stakeholders that consider policy frameworks and market systems for electric vehicle adoption. The European Union approved a new fuel economy standard for cars and vans for 2021 30 and a CO2 emissions standard for heavy-duty vehicles (2020 30), with specific requirements or bonuses for electric vehicles. The infrastructure for electric-vehicle charging continues to expand. Hence, the future of public transit in general and electric buses in particular will be balanced between the impacts of the pandemic, the overall capacity of the urban transport system, and continued government support. The economic and strategic value of essential inputs, such as lithium and cobalt, may incentivise recycling in the long term and steer recycling policies. Increase the energy density of batteries. Considering the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of available powertrains, analysis suggests that: In the global average example in the figure, in a current battery electric vehicle with a large battery (80 kWh) manufactured in China (representative of high greenhouse gas intensity of battery manufacturing), the battery can be responsible for up to a third of the vehicle’s life-cycle emissions. In addition to battery size, another important variable in projecting total battery capacity is the proportion of battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in overall electric vehicle sales. Many uncertainties characterise the Covid-19 crisis, from the capacity of governments and companies to double-down on transport electrification efforts to what behavioural changes could potentially be expected from the current crisis, including from low oil prices and confinement measures. The 2018-19 versions of some common electric car models display a battery energy density that is 20-100% higher than were their counterparts in 2012. The Light Electric Vehicle Association (LEVA), based in Fort Myers, FL, USA, represents the strategic interests of light electric vehicle retailers, dealers, distributors, manufacturers and suppliers to promote the development, sale, and use of LEVs worldwide. Keep up to date with our latest news and analysis by subscribing to our regular newsletter. These values approach the upper performance bounds of Li-ion technology. As the electricity supply decarbonises and serves both battery manufacturing facilities and charging, the benefits of lower life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of electric cars amplify relative to other powertrains. The estimated material demand for the batteries of the electric vehicles sold in 2019 was about 19 kt for cobalt, 17 kt for lithium, 22 kt for manganese and 65 kt for nickel. For example, today 60% of global car sales are covered by China’s New Energy Vehicle mandate, the European Union CO2 emissions standard (which is applicable to all EU member states) or a zero-emission vehicle mandate (in selected US states and Canadian provinces). distance- or congestion-based pricing). Among other measures, the central government encouraged cities to relax car permit quotas, at least temporarily, complemented by strengthening targeted New Energy Vehicle measures. In 2019, China mandated producer responsibility, holding them responsible for the recycling, as well as the reverse logistics involved in taking back the Li-ion batteries. In 2019, China announced a tightening of its New Energy Vehicle mandate scheme with both setting new credit targets for 2021-23 and a more stringent calculation method for the credits beyond 2021. Finally, it analyses how off-peak electricity demand charging, dynamic controlled charging (V1G) and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) could mitigate the impact of EVs on peak demand, facilitate the integration of variable renewables and reduce electricity generation capacity needs. Other countries with increasing policy activity to support electric vehicles are Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, India and New Zealand. Battery collection and recycling policies have usually focused on other industries and battery technologies than the Li-ion batteries used in electric vehicles, such as consumer electronics or lead-acid batteries. The delivery of new mass-market models such as the Tesla Model 3 caused a spike in sales in 2018 in key markets such as the United States. The uptake of electric vehicles in the Sustainable Development Scenario, in which electric vehicles account for around 4% of global annual electricity demand by 2030 (up from 0.3% today), brings implications and opportunities for power systems. Passenger car registrations: -23.7% in 2020; -3.3% in December. These actions are in step with its planned gradual transition from direct to more indirect forms of subsidies and incentives (including increasing support for charging infrastructure and other support services). Electric Vehicle Associations and Organizations. The US federal tax credit programme ran out for key electric vehicle automakers such as General Motors and Tesla (the tax credit is applicable up to a 200 000 sales cap per automaker). Retrieved from var addy_textf42cb7ac2da4c7be2fcd45e5138232b8 = 'info' + '@' + 'evia' + '.' + 'org' + '.' + 'za';document.getElementById('cloakf42cb7ac2da4c7be2fcd45e5138232b8').innerHTML += ''+addy_textf42cb7ac2da4c7be2fcd45e5138232b8+'<\/a>'; *Note: The entered data will only be used to send our newsletter to you. THE EV REVOLUTION HAS … WASHINGTON: A group of major U.S. utilities, Tesla, Uber and others said on Tuesday they are launching a new group to lobby for national policies to boost electric vehicle sales. Case studies of electric bus deployment in Helsinki (Finland), Shenzhen (China), Kolkata (India) and Santiago de Chile (Chile) highlight the unique nature of each public transit system, the roll-out of electric buses facing context-specific challenges related to network size, ridership, degree of sector privatisation and the availability of funding streams other than fare revenues. However, not a single technology reaps all these benefits at the same time. High-power chargers are being developed and standardised globally. Research is being conducted to improve all three key components of Li-ion battery cells: cathodes, anodes and electrolytes. SMEV is the registered association representing Indian manufacturers of electric vehicles (EV) and electric vehicle components. Increase energy efficiency and use low-carbon energy sources in cell manufacturing and pack assembly. Today the use phase is the largest contributor to life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of all powertrains. However, unlocking the full flexibility potential of electric vehicles through dynamic controlled charging (V1G) and vehicle-to-grid services (V2G) to reap synergies with variable renewable generation and reduce electricity generation capacity needs would require the adaptation of regulatory and market frameworks. Tax rates that reflect tailpipe CO2 emissions can be conducive to increased electric vehicle uptake. The 2.1 million electric car sales in 2019 represent a 6% growth from the previous year, down from year-on-year sales growth at least above 30% since 2016. Combining historical analysis with projections to 2030, the report examines key areas of interest such as electric vehicle and charging infrastructure deployment, ownership cost, energy use, carbon dioxide emissions and battery material demand. Mobility Concepts and EcoMobility Services. Increase energy efficiency and use low-carbon energy sources in mining and refining processes for raw materials, especially for aluminium, and in synthesis of active materials such as nickel, cobalt and graphite. CCrreeaattiinngg tthhee CClleeaann EEnneerrggyy EEccoonnoommyy Analysis of the Electric Vehicle Industry Primary Authors Jennifer Todd is an Economic Development Associate at IEDC. Electric micromobility options have expanded rapidly since their emergence in 2017, with shared electric scooters (e-scooters), electric-assist bicycles (e-bikes) and electric mopeds now available in over 600 cities across more than 50 countries worldwide. The average battery pack size across electric light-duty vehicles sold (including battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles) continues an upwards trend; it is now 44 kWh, up from 37 kWh in 2018, and battery electric cars in most countries are in the 50-70 kWh range. Report of the Electric Vehicle Charging Industry In October 2015, EVCA published its inaugural "State of the Charge" report on California's EV charging industry. China and Europe also recently strengthened and extended their New Energy Vehicle mandate and CO2 emissions standards, respectively. On these grounds, there are reasons to believe that density is also continuing on an upward trend. Welcome to ELECTRIC VEHICLE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (EVIA) EVIA is a national platform comprised of Government departments and agencies, electric vehicle OEMs, electricity infrastructure and suppliers, Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) suppliers and ICT / smart grid service providers, as well as the users. In aviation, electric taxiing (i.e. A range of ready options with various degrees of complexity can be tapped to reduce electric vehicle charging at peak system demand, thereby diluting the need for upgrades to generation, transmission and distribution assets. In the Stated Policies Scenario, global electric vehicle battery capacity increases from around 170 GWh per year today to 1.5 TWh per year in 2030. Many of the regulatory policies impel vehicle makers to sell a greater number or share of electric or otherwise more efficient vehicles. China continues to lead in the rollout of publicly accessible chargers, particularly fast chargers, which are suited to its dense urban areas with less opportunity for private charging at home. It is Electric Vehicle Industry Association. Globally, the number of publicly accessible chargers (slow and fast) increased by 60% in 2019 compared with the previous year, higher than the electric light-duty vehicle stock growth. Indeed the electrification of cars is a crucial driver in cutting unit costs of automotive battery packs that can be used in a variety of road modes. Accelerating the Adoption of Electric Vehicles The Electric Auto Association is North America’s leading nonprofit that accelerates the adoption of electric vehicles by supporting its 100 chapters and thousands of members as they talk neighbor-to-neighbor in their communities about the benefits of driving electric. While off-peak charging at night through simple end-user programming and/or nighttime tariffs would more than halve the contribution of electric vehicles to peak demand, controlled charging in response to real-time price signals from utilities (V1G) could further exploit synergies with variable renewable electricity generation and expand the range of services electric vehicles offer to the grid. Today, more than two dozen automakers, electric utilities, EV-charging firms, and lithium … Research on dynamic charging concepts, as well as demonstrations of catenary line solutions, may enable expansion of the range of operations for heavy-duty and long-distance operations for regional buses and long-haul trucking. An industry is starting to emerge, made up of stakeholders from original equipment manufacturers, utilities and specialised start-ups. Extending the useful life of automotive batteries can contribute to displacing the environmental impacts, emissions and costs of manufacturing new batteries for the provision of the same services. *Note: The entered data will only be used by us and will not be given to 3rd parties. Increasing the range of a battery electric vehicle reduces its relative benefits compared to internal combustion engine vehicles or fuel cell electric vehicles. Membership gives you access to our newsletters, special offers, free entry to events, and lets … At present there are more than 5 lac electric two-wheelers and few thousand electric cars on Indian roads. As volumes of spent electric vehicle batteries increase, the development of an effective recycling industry will be key to the sustainability of Li-ion batteries. Car markets contracted. Experience of automotive industry stimulus measures has been mixed. So too are mandates to build charging infrastructure along road corridors and fuel stations. For these applications, the LFP cathode could be well suited. Consumer expectations of further technology improvements and new models. This increase is driven by two trends: battery electric vehicle models with longer ranges are becoming available and are increasingly in demand, and the share of battery electric vehicles relative to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles is rising. The electric vehicles industry at a nascent stage in India. Auto manufacturing, a critical sector of economic activity in many of the world’s largest economies, employs millions of people across the entire supply chain. Ensure appropriate end-of-life battery management. In addition, recent developments in battery design and thermal management aim primarily to cut the costs of the pack and module components. Thank you for subscribing. For the first time a decrease in government spending for electric car purchase incentives was observed in 2019, while both consumer spending and total expenditure on electric cars continued to increase. The Electric Vehicle Industry Association is a national platform comprised of government departments and agencies, electric vehicle OEMs, electricity infrastructure and suppliers, Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment suppliers and ICT/smart grid service providers, as well as the users that aim to collaborate by utilizing a network of expertise to shape the future course of eMobility in South Africa. The net emission reductions are more significant in the Sustainable Development Scenario, in which higher electric vehicle deployment is coupled with more rapid decarbonisation of electricity generation, in line with the Paris Agreement goals. There is common understanding that government support for electric vehicle purchases can only be transitional, as sale volumes increase. This edition also features an update on the performance and costs of batteries. The Working Group would support the development of public, private and commercial (fleet operators, business, etc.) Setting vehicle and charger standards are prerequisites for wide electric vehicle adoption. Near-term developments should enable cell-level energy densities of up to 325 Wh/kg and pack-level energy densities could reach 275 Wh/kg. We will not give it away to third party, unless it is required for sending off the newsletter. The group would also be responsible to identify key challenges and enablers (both legislative and technological) to newer technologies in niche markets. EVIA is a national platform comprised of Government departments and agencies, electric vehicle OEMs, electricity infrastructure and suppliers, Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) suppliers and ICT / smart grid service providers, as well as the users. Founded in 1989, the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) is the preeminent US industry association dedicated to the promotion of electric drive as the best means to achieve the highly efficient and clean use of secure energy in the transportation sector. This email address is being protected from spambots. The demand for the materials used in electric vehicle batteries will depend on changing battery chemistries, nickel cobalt aluminium oxide (NCA), nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP) cathodes for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries being the most widely used today. Sales of electric cars topped 2.1 million globally in 2019, surpassing 2018 – already a record year – to boost the stock to 7.2 million electric cars.1 Electric cars, which accounted for 2.6% of global car sales and about 1% of global car stock in 2019, registered a 40% year-on-year increase. For the period after 2030, a number of potential technologies might be able to push the boundaries beyond the performance limits imposed by Li-ion battery technology. For battery needs in the Stated Policies Scenario, cobalt demand expands to about 180 kt/year in 2030, lithium to around 185 kt/year, manganese to 177 kt/year and class I nickel to 925 kt/year. About 380 000 light commercial electric vehicles are in circulation, often as part of a company or public authority vehicle fleet. Welcome the World Electric Vehicle Association Homepage. With 250 million electric vehicles on the road by 2030 in the Sustainable Development Scenario, the share of electric vehicle charging in the average evening peak demand could rise to as high as 4-10% in the main electric vehicle markets (China, European Union and United States), assuming unmanaged charging. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. As part of economic recovery efforts, a focus on promoting clean transport is being called for at national and local levels. In the Sustainable Development Scenario, higher electric vehicle uptake leads to 2030 material demand values more than twice as high as the Stated Policies Scenario. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of any IEA newsletter. Research points towards a net benefit when considering non-greenhouse gas indicators such as ecotoxicity. Cash-for- clunkers programmes can be an effective approach if they are designed to support the uptake of more efficient (e.g. Convenience, cost-effectiveness and a variety of support policies (such as preferential rates, equipment purchase incentives, and rebates) are the main drivers for the prevalence of private charging. China and Europe lead this deployment, as policies promote electrification. So far, economic viability and market incentives for recycling have been limited because of generally low raw material prices and small volumes of spent electric vehicle batteries to date. By 2030, the light-duty vehicle fleet (cars and light commercial vehicles) represents the largest part of the fleet of electric four-wheelers, regardless the scenario. Policy actions for electric vehicles depend on the status of the electric vehicle market or technology. Without effective measures to address such volumes, this can become a significant environmental liability. With a greenhouse gas intensity of electricity generation equal to the current global average, battery electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles have similar lifetime greenhouse emissions, and lower than those of an average internal combustion engine vehicle. The industry's collective voice, advocating for clean mobility through innovation. Currently, flexible electric vehicle integration is not on track for power systems to accommodate the distributed loads that electric vehicle batteries represent in a co-ordinated way and on a large scale. Electric Auto Association. An estimated stock of 350 million electric two/three-wheelers, the majority of which are in China, make up 25% of all two/three-wheelers in circulation worldwide, driven by bans in many Chinese cities on two-wheelers with internal combustion engines. In 2030, in the Stated Policies Scenario, the electric vehicle fleet displaces around 2.5 mb/d of oil products. The share of demand due to electric vehicles in total electricity consumption at a national/regional level grows to as high as 4% in Europe. Electric Vehicle Industry Association | 142 followers on LinkedIn. By David Shepardson. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Electric Vehicle Industry Association listed as EVIA. AVERE – The European Association for Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles. Specific stakeholders such as aggregators, along with business models that make use of new regulatory frameworks to reward electric vehicle owners for providing flexibility services are also needed for electric vehicle batteries to contribute to the power system stability on a significant scale. In 2019, the electricity generation to supply the global electric vehicle fleet emitted 51 Mt CO2-eq, about half the amount that would have been emitted from an equivalent fleet of internal combustion engine vehicles, corresponding to 53 Mt CO2- eq of avoided emissions. With 90% of global electric car sales concentrated in China, Europe and the United States, this affected global sales and overshadowed the notable 50% sales increase in Europe in 2019, thus slowing the growth trend. Total passenger car sales volumes were depressed in 2019 in many key countries. Scale up manufacturing facilities and increase throughput. In 2019, indications of a continuing shift from direct subsidies to policy approaches that rely more on regulatory and other structural measures – including zero-emission vehicles mandates and fuel economy standards – have set clear, long-term signals to the auto industry and consumers that support the transition in an economically sustainable manner for governments. These developments, along with private sector innovation, are expected to push forward battery end-of-life solutions. It … In China, policy makers were quick to identify the auto market as a primary target for economic stimulus. Driven by similar air quality concerns, bus electrification is also gaining ground in many other regions: the City of Santiago de Chile is home to the largest electric urban bus fleet outside of China. Industry reports show that sales-weighted battery pack prices in 2019 were an average of USD 156 per kilowatt-hour, down from more than USD 1 100/kWh in 2010. By 2030, battery electric vehicles are assumed to reach an average driving range of 350-400 km corresponding to battery sizes of 70-80 kWh. Electric two/three-wheelers will continue to represent the lion’s share of the total electric vehicle fleet, as this category is most suited to rapid transition to electric drive. 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