Examples: "Der junge Mann lernt Deutsch." Adjective declension, also called adjective inflection, means that adjectives agree with a noun in gender, number, and case. Also note the word ordering: den corresponds to "that", and ich corresponds to "I". Adjective builds one logical and grammatical unit with the word that stands before it and the noun that stands behind it and it cannot be considered outside of that unit. The adjective in german is positioned before the noun and takes the endings that depend on the gender, number and case of the noun. "Einen Apfel isst ein Mann (an apple)-directobject is eaten by (a man)-subject) with little or no change in meaning. To display all adjective forms and grammatical features, simply enter any adjective in the input field. This kind of declension of German adjectives is called strong declension and can be shown with the following spreadsheet: If the noun-phrase contains an indefinite article or another two-form determiner, the adjective in the nominative and in the accusative takes the endings of the definite article, as a two-form determiner does not refer to the gender of the noun unequivocally in … When you speak in English about a noun, you somehow have to denote how many you are talking about. The ‘slight changes’ that happen on the tailends of many words in German are called declensions. Ein has no plural; as in English, the plural indefinite article is void, as in "There are cows in the field." Historically, these and several further plural inflections recall the noun declension classes of Proto-Germanic, but in much reduced form. Dieser Bauer hat schön Kühe. ⬆️15 years of teaching experience Source:[5] Note: ein is also a numeral which corresponds to English "one" (i.e. This is probably the most in depth course on this topic that you will ever find. For example, all German adjectives have several different forms. A handful of masculine "mixed" nouns, the most common of which is Name, gain an -ns at the end in the singular genitive, e.g. The forms are distinguished according to the four cases nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. Declension allows speakers to mark a difference between subjects, direct objects, indirect objects and possessives by changing the form of the word—and/or its associated article—instead of indicating this meaning through word order or prepositions (e.g. Instead, the declension of the pronoun kein (no, not any, not one) is given, which follows the same pattern. German adjectives work just like English ones, except that they take on case endings when they come right before a noun: Der Hund ist groß und braun. Generally, prepositions that need to be followed by either case merge with "was" to form new words such as ". // "The man is young." You will see several German sentences with words missing. 2. Declare and comparate more than 30,000 German adjectives. 6, Write the appropriate caption in the comments belo, TV-SERIES / FILMS that can be watched online, Free online dictionaries (with pronunciation), Everything about Goethe-Zertifikat A1: Start Deutsch 1, German fairy tales – read, watch and listen, Slang & swearwords from the film “Fack ju Göhte”, Jobs, Contests, Seminars and Conferences for German Language Teachers, Facts and news about the German speaking countries, Declension of adjectives in German Grammar, https://www.facebook.com/germanlanguageworkshop. Modern High German distinguishes between four cases—nominative, accusative, genitive, and dative—and three grammatical genders—feminine, masculine, and neuter. > Similar tests: - Declension : Epithet adjectives with definite articles - Adjective 'neu' - Declension : Epithet adjectives - Accusative-definite articles - Accusative-Indefinite Articles - Prepositions + articles - Declension: adjectives - Declension : Definite articles (dative/accusative) > Double-click on words you don't understand The adjectives alt and hässlich in your last sentence, (3), are predicative. the indefinite (ein, -e), negative (kein, -e) or possessive (mein, -e, dein, -e, etc.) In this case, the adjective gets the endings of the definite article and that is why we call this adjective declension “strong”. If an adjective directly precedes the noun that it describes, the ending of the adjective changes according to the noun. Revision: Adjective declension after a definite article Inge schenkt Nico ein gestreiftes Hemd. German Adjective Endings 1 (part 2 is here) Or in jargon: declension of adjectives. Think of it this way. Only the following nouns are declined according to case: There is a dative singular marking -e associated with strong masculine or neuter nouns, e.g. Declension of the attributive adjective: Situation I: - when the adjective is preceded by the definite articles: der, die, das - when the adjective is preceded by the articles: den, dem, des • den (accusative case - The particularity of the German declension is that the adjective depends always on what type of article we use or if there is none. If an adjective is connected with the verb 'sein' , we do not have to decline. // "The young man learns German." the preceding article does not fully indicate the case, gender, and number of the noun. There are … The indefinite articles (ein, etc.) It is equivalent to the French pronoun on. The table is the same as for relative pronouns. With positive, comparative, and superlative in all cases. Note the -er ending despite the neuter gender of the word Tor. if you have read this post until the end, you deserved one extra tip: after “viele” the adjective gets the ending -e and after “alle” the adjective gets the ending -en: Another respectful source of the theory about the adjective declension: Declension of adjectives in German Grammar, ⚒Tips & tricks for learning Genitive case for personal pronouns is currently considered archaic[2] and is used only in certain archaic expressions like "ich bedarf seiner" (I need him). German grammar rules dictate that, whenever possible, the case, number and gender of a noun must be noted. Most of the time, when the adjective needs to be declined, it’s just ‘e’ after after unchanged articles and ‘en’ after changed articles. 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